Today I will propose a motion to the British Medical Association's annual conference in Liverpool, which states: This meeting supports the introduction of legislation to allow people who are terminally ill but 'mentally competent', the choice of an assisted death. Further, the law should not criminalise people who accompany those who make rational decisions to end their suffering The motion will seek to take the issue forward in a compassionate and fair way that I believe will serve the interests of the terminally ill and our society.
Some of the reasons that are compelling enough for us to change our laws are: Prevention of cruelty and protection of human rights To allow a terminally ill individual to end their life is the only humane, rational and compassionate choice. Regulatory Control The terminally ill are travelling abroad to countries where the right to end of life in terminal cases is recognised and is lawful.
Ambiguity in the application of the current law The current law conflicts with the law as it is being enforced. Discriminatory effect of the laws The ability of the wealthy to travel to countries where it is lawful for the terminally ill to end their lives has the discriminatory impact of treating the haves and have-nots unequally. The Safeguards Many people are opposed to legislation that would allow "end of life" choices.
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Do You Need A Good Example Of Euthanasia Research Paper?
This argument is further defended for those, who have chronic debilitating illness even though it is not terminal such as severe mental illness. Majority of such petitions are filed by the sufferers or family members or their caretakers. The caregiver's burden is huge and cuts across various domains such as financial, emotional, time, physical, mental and social. Hence, it is uncommon to hear requests from the family members of the person with psychiatric illness to give some poison either to patient or else to them. Refusing care : Right to refuse medical treatment is well recognised in law, including medical treatment that sustains or prolongs life.
For example, a patient suffering from blood cancer can refuse treatment or deny feeds through nasogastric tube. Recognition of right to refuse treatment gives a way for passive euthanasia. Many do argue that allowing medical termination of pregnancy before 16 wk is also a form of active involuntary euthanasia.
This issue of mercy killing of deformed babies has already been in discussion in Holland Right to die : Many patients in a persistent vegetative state or else in chronic illness, do not want to be a burden on their family members. Encouraging the organ transplantation : Euthanasia in terminally ill patients provides an opportunity to advocate for organ donation. This in turn will help many patients with organ failure waiting for transplantation.
On the contrary, the state does not own the responsibility of promoting, protecting and fulfilling the socio-economic rights such as right to food, right to water, right to education and right to health care, which are basic essential ingredients of right to life. Till date, most of the States has not done anything to support the terminally ill people by providing for hospice care. If the State takes the responsibility of providing reasonable degree of health care, then majority of the euthanasia supporters will definitely reconsider their argument.
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We do endorse the Supreme Court Judgement that our contemporary society and public health system is not matured enough to handle this sensitive issue, hence it needs to be withheld. However, this issue needs to be re-examined again after few years depending upon the evolution of the society with regard to providing health care to the disabled and public health sector with regard to providing health care to poor people.
The Supreme Court judgement to withhold decision on this sensitive issue is a first step towards a new era of health care in terminally ill patients.
The Judgment laid down is to preserve harmony within a society, when faced with a complex medical, social and legal dilemma. There is a need to enact a legislation to protect terminally ill patients and also medical practitioners caring for them as per the recommendation of Law Commission Report There is also an urgent need to invest in our health care system, so that poor people suffering from ill health can access free health care. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Indian J Med Res. Santosh K. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. References 1.
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Lewy G. Assisted suicide in US and Europe. Dowbiggin I. A merciful end: The euthanasia movement in modern America. Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug vs. Writ Petition Criminal no.
Rathinam vs. Gian Kaur vs. Saunders C.ubafoqofut.tk
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Terminal care in medical oncology. In: Begshawe KD, editor. Medical oncology. Oxford: Blackwell; Residents of Athens, with official permission, could obtain and use a dose of poison allowing them to choose death as an option. Romans did not punish those who attempted suicide, but only when they were regarded as irrational.
Another opinion, contrary to these observations, is that Pythagoreans condemned euthanasia as they based their disapproval on the spiritual belief that only God had the authority to take life. This dichotomy has prevailed throughout the known history. At various times and in several nations, there were people who supported the right of a person to die. A segment, however, always argued that assisted suicide or euthanasia, for different reasons, were dangerous and should not be allowed legally.
History confirms that civilizations, throughout the world, have addressed these complicated issues in a variety of ways similar to the contemporary communities continued to solve them today. The advancements in technology have enabled medical professionals to treat patients in ways that were regarded as impossible even a generation earlier.
New technology developed through the ages has created unanticipated issues that each society has worked to resolve. There exist several arguments that are presented either in support or against euthanasia. Both sides of the argument present views that make it difficult for someone to pick a side due to the validity of the views. Each side appears to have views that make sense on why euthanasia ought to be allowed and why it should not be allowed.
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Proponents of euthanasia have taken different moral and ethical positions offering arguments to support the practice. Those advocating for euthanasia argue that ending life could be justified in special circumstances only when there exists conclusive evidence that a continuation of life is more painful or harmful to a person compared with dying. Opponents, on the other hand, argue that ending life, without the will of God, is unethical in the contemporary society because of insufficient practices allowing for a fair and just practice of euthanasia.
The beliefs of opponents is primarily based on two considerations that ending life is unethical as it violates; the basic right of a person not to be killed, and the moral principle that life should not be taken deliberately or intentionally.
People, at the critical moment of making end-of-life decisions, at times depend on religious beliefs to assist them confront their fear or provide strength for dealing with this serious challenge. Even some people who earlier had no religious beliefs sometimes turn to religion hoping they can face the issues surfacing during the dying process and at the end of life.